Archivo de la etiqueta: IGCSE History

The League Of Nations 1920s’

In history class, Lenny gave us a task which consisted in watching the video she uploaded to her blog and with the help of the second chapter of out history book, answer these questions on the League of Nations in pairs, I worked with Olivia Vidal.

1- The global aim was to achieve peace and the specific aims were the disarmament, to improve the living and working conditions, to reinforce the Treaty of Versailles, to encourage countries to cooperate in trade and business and to discourage agression.

2-Wilson wanted to join the League of nations but first the American Parliament had to accept it. As in the USA that idea wasn’t popular, his plans were really criticized.

3- As the League was a term of the Treaty Of Versailles which was really harsh on Germany and so as they HATED that treaty, they hated everything related to it, such as the keague of nations.

4- USA traded with almost every country in the world at that time, so they did not like the idea of stop a comertial relationship with a country just because of their agression.

5-Many of the American citizens were anti-empires as tehy felt a little threatened by them and they power.

7-Upper Silesia was an important region for Poland and Germany because at the end of the First World War Upper Silesia was one of the richest mineral and industrial areas of Europe.For example,Upper Silesian coalfields accounted for 21%,of German coal production.It was a 4,000 square miles of territory which had formerly been ruled by the German Empire thoughout modern history.At the end of the First World War both Germany and Poland laid claim to the area. It contained a mix of German and Polish population, so they were both ethnically mixed.

8- The league tried to persuade Poland to leave but they wouldn’t. Poland showed a lot of power in that situation.

9-The League decide that the Island should belong to Finland

10- Mussolini invade Greece because on 27 August,while they were surveying the Greek side of the frontier area,Tellini(an Italian general) and his team were ambushed and killed.The Italian leader Mussolini was fourious and blamed the Greek government for the murders.

11- The league was criticised because after the conflict all the other countries realized that even the weakest power could get its way out if she was backed up by France or Britain, as they were the most powerful countries in the league.

12- FIrst of all, if the protocol wasn’t signed cases such as Corfu’s problem would continue happening and they wouldn’t have a solid and quick solution. Secondly, the fact that Britain backed off, revealed the power and influence GB had over the whole League, because when she refused to sign the protocol many other countries did the same.

13-

CONFLICTS IN THE 1920s (MAP ACTIVITY)

Vilnas’s conflict
Vilna was Lithuania’s capital, whose population was mainly polish. So because of this, Poland invaded Vilna. When this happened, Lithuania went to the league to ask for help but the Poles did not pull out. The league did nothing more as Britain and France weren’t prepared to act

Aaland islands conflict
In this conflict the countries involved were, Aaland Islands, Sweden and Finland. The problem was who should keep the islands either Finland or Sweden. To solve this conflict , they both went to the league who presented the solution of measuring the distance of each country with the island, the one who was closer would keep them. Finally, Finland kept them.

Corfu’s conflict
This conflict is one of the most complex ones. This conflict begins with a border dispute between Greece and Albania over Corfu. Italy sent his team there to define those borders, but one day they are killed while they are there and so Mussolini invades Corfu. Greece complaints to the league who states that Italy should leave Corfu and Greece should pay Italy for the murder of the Italian team. The money Greece had to pay would be kept by the league till the murderers were found although Mussolini managed to take the money before that.

Upper Silesia conflict
This was a conflict between Poland and Germany , as they were borders they were fighting for the region of Upper Silesia which had access to the sea. To solve this conflict the league offered a plebiscite to the inhabitants of Upper Silesia to say who should keep that region. Finally , Germany won in the urban part of Upper Silesia and Poland with the rural part.

Bulgaria’s conflict

This conflict begins with the murder of some Greek soldiers in the border of Bulgaria.  As a reaction, Greece invaded Bulgaria and so Bulgaria appealed to the League. To solve this conflict, the league made Greece pull out from Bulgaria and to pay compensations to them for invading them unfairly. This showed the double standard of the league in front of less powerful states and more powerful ones, such as Italy.